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The Grüner Veltliner Grape

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About Grüner Veltliner

(Synonyms: Bielospicak, Cima Biancam, Dreimänner, Feherhegyü, Feldlinger, Grauer Veltliner, Green Veltliner, Grün Muskateller, Grüne Manhardsrebe, Grüner, Grüner Muskateler, Grüner Muskateller, Grüner Velteliner, Grüner Weissgipfler, Grüner Weltliner, Grünmuskateller, Gruner Veltliner, Manhardsrebe, Manhardtraube, Manhartsrebe, Mauhardsrebe, Mouhardrebe, Mouhardsrebe, Muskatel, Muskatel Zeleny, Nemes Veltelini, Plinia Austriaca, Ranfol bianco, Ranfol Bijeli, Ranfol Weisser, Rdeci Veltinec, Reifler Weiss, Ryvola Bila, Tarant Bily, Valtelin blanc, Valtelina vert, Valteliner, Valteliner blanc, Valteliner vert, Velteliner Grüner, Velteliner vert, Velteliner Weisser, Veltelini Zöld, Veltlin Zeleny, Veltlinac Zeleni, Veltlinec, Veltliner, Veltliner blanc, Veltliner grau, Veltliner Grun, Veltliner Gruner, Veltliner Grün, Veltliner verde, Veltlini, Veltlinske Zelené, Veltlínské Zelené, Veltlinski Zelenii, Veltlinsky Vert, Veltlinsky Zeleny, Vetlinac, Vetlinac Zeleni, Weisser Raifler, Weisser Reifler, Weisser Valteliner, Weisser Velteliner, Weisser Veltliner, Weissgipfler, Weissgipfler Grüner, Yesil Veltliner, Zeleni Vetlinac, Zeleny Muskatel, Zleni Veltinac, Zöld Muskotally, Zöld Muskotalynak, Zöld Veltelini, Zöld Velteliny, Zöldveltelini, Zold Veltelini.)


Map showing Austria & the Czech Republic

Grüner Veltliner is a white-wine grape probably originating in Austria, which remains its primary home, though it is also much grown today in both halves of the former Czechoslovakia: Slovakia and the Czech Republic.

(Note on pronunciation: it is GRU-ner felt-LEEN-er; a lot of people pronounce that second word with the wrong syllable emphasised.)

Though an ancient grape, it has only achieved note in modern times, having previously been thought of as a minor and undistinguished grape. Some Grüner Veltliner is still grown and vinified as jug wine. Even better-quality GV tends to be somewhat shy in its youth, and well-made GV improves with bottle age. Descriptions of GV wines are therefore more or less all over the map.

The few common descriptive threads are light citrus-y fruit and a white-pepper overtone; beyond those, one variously hears of celery, lentils, and spice. Better samples, when aged, take on body and weight, and are often compared with white Burgundies (mostly meaning Chardonnay). Like Chardonnay, GV can be made unoaked (as with Chablis), in which case it tends also to show minerality, or quite oaky, in which case it tends to the "fat" quality Chardonnays so treated tend to exhibit. In a sense, then, Grüner Veltliner can be considered more than one wine type (again, as with Chardonnay).

There seems to be quite a hierarchy of GV wines, with a lot of emphasis on the exact place of origin. (It has been remarked that "Life is too short to read a German wine label," and Austrian wine labels [archived page] are said to be worse; You Have Been Warned.) There is a good general discussion of GV types on the Wine Monger site [archived page], which we recommend (as well as their article, linked above, on Austrian wine classification); we summarize its key points below:

Factoid: the now-common name Grüner Veltliner was only established as the norm in the 1930s. Indeed, its explosive popularity (already seen by some as now fading) dates only to a famous tasting session in 2002, wherein some specimens outranked some top white Burgundies. Whether the grape is has enduringly good qualities or is (or was) a fad remains to be seen.

Some Descriptions of Grüner Veltliner Wines

Some Grüner Veltliners to Try

(About this list.)

There is a huge assortment of the once-faddy Grüner Veltliner to be found, but it remains so that most of the better ones are outside our self-imposed $20 price range, and of those that aren't, a lot are frivolous "easy drinking" bottlings. Nevertheless, with some diligence one can find praised specimens at plausible prices; here are some.

The quotations below are excerpts; we strenuously urge you to click on the green diamond symbol by each quoted review to see the full article.
Schloss Gobelsburg "Gobelsburger" Grüner Veltliner
(Kamptal. This is not the "Steinsetz" bottling.)

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Some quotations and facts about this wine:

A blend of fruit off younger vines in Lamm, Grub and Renner, this is not Moosbrugger’s most complex wine by far, but it’s thrilling in its vivacity. It smells like textbook grüner, earthy and lentil-like; it tastes of citrus, pears and Mirabelle plums, with a bright, thirst-quenching immediacy. Round yet sleek, vibrant and floral, it lasts with energy. A wine to buy by the case.

The 2006 Grüner Veltliner Gobelsburger is a blend from the single vineyard sites as well as a splash of fruit from outside of the property. This is the "entry level" wine of Castle Gobelsburg, though I think there are few better examples of dry and crisp GrüVe anywhere. A slight floral note on the nose is augmented by a big Granny Smith apple tartness in the mid-palate, which is then followed by a wave of cream and then finally a long, minerally finish. Medium-bodied, it is a wine of immense enjoyment and I can think of nothing better for a warm spring evening.

Michi Moosbrugger's focus on precision at this historic estate has turned the basic Gobelsburger bottle into something very serious. It's impressive how much wine is here for the price, especially for a lean vintage. Ripe and cassia-tinged, with a richness to its apple fruit; its green side expresses more as dried poblano chile. Gruner that can sing across several octaves.

Loess terraces – ‘Lössterrassen’ – are chalky terraces found across many sites in the Kamptal region. . . The wine is not about complexity or unravelling mysteries. It’s comprised of honesty and purity – freshly cut pear, radish, mineral and earthy root vegetables. Each element is reasonably easy to spot, and simultaneously, the wine is easy (and pleasant) to drink. There’s a tense but natural acidity that flows amongst peppery vegetal notes, bath salt minerality, and fresh pear juice. Whilst it’s unlikely to be the best example of Grüner Veltliner out there, it’s so good that it almost makes you want to not bother buying any others. Straight to the top of my (growing) GV list. Anyone who appreciates pristine, mineral-driven whites will love this. My rating is admittedly biased due to my love for the grape, but let’s just say it’s a 96 on [my Personal] Scale…

I thought the wine was well-balanced, laced with bright clear notes and the tartness of Granny Smith apples. We even detected some underlying butterscotch, giving this wine a fullness we hadn't expected. As for that oiliness I don't like? Maybe my palate has improved with age. I detected it, but only on the finish, and it was appropriate, without being overdone. We drank this on a hot summer evening, but it would have been equally as pleasant on a Sunday morning with brunch. It's that kind of wine. [Distributor] Michael Skurnik comments that winemaker Moosbrugger's "special genius seems to lie in the making of very pretty fine-grained wines at the “low” end of his range—no small gift." I would agree.

The Gobelsburger version [of GV], while certainly zippy, has a bit more oomph than we’re used to seeing in these wines. But we like that about it. And we like any excuse to drink a good Grüner Veltliner, so we’re happy to introduce Gobelsburger into the fold. Nose: Sweet scents of flowers dominate, as well as some stone fruit and wet rock. Mouth: Here’s where the wine takes off and takes shape. It’s got the requisite acid, but then a sort of nice sweet-savory balance. It’s a meaty Austrian wine.

Widely available, this wine sings classic Grüner to me. Mineral driven nose with peppery notes. Deliciously crisp and juicy with lots of stone fruit and citrus flavor. Peppery spice delightful on the minerally finish.

The Gobelsburg is an introductory grüner that displays the minerality and clarity of Kamptal, a small, prestigious region a bit removed from the Danube River. 2/3 *

Light yellow color; tart grapefruit, mineral nose; tart grapefruit, mineral palate; medium-plus finish. 88 points.

Fresh on nose with caramelised orange peel, pine needles and spice. Frisky on the palate with each element of spice, zest and herbs tumbling over the tongue in an extremely pleasing way. Great mouth-feel with appealing balance between zesty freshness and unctuous generosity.

[The winemaker] composed [this wine] from the best young wines of this type of grape, uniting grapes from various vineyards in order to emphasize the typical character of a light-footed Kamptal Veltliner, easy on the palate.

Nigl "Kremser Freiheit" Grüner Veltliner

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Some quotations and facts about this wine:

This is a delicious simple example built quite light and crisp. A greenish colour the aromatics show melon a splash of honey and some citrus. Lightly floral its an inviting floral and fresh nose that follows into a bright clear and dry palate that is quite Riesling like in its acid driven purity. A back palate spicy honey varietal kick reminds you of its Grunerishness, but this is a lighter and perfumed style (rather than the quite worked intense Gruners out there) that is simple and very enjoyable. With some age it will gain weight and complexity, but at present its a delicious, food friendly white. A great, simple introduction to Gruner. Highly Recommended. 17.1+

This is delightfully aromatic with a touch of white floral notes and mandarin peel and bright, fine acidity. It's textural, too, with a fresh, clean finish.

[GV is] as refreshing as the surf, a frolicking white wine with notes of peaches, lime peel, lemon zest and snappy white pepper. Last night I tasted one — the Nigl, Kremser Freiheit, Austria — and I felt like I had the ocean in my glass.

Light and very fresh, crystal-clear wine, with light, bright acidity and very soft creamy pear flavors. A perfect apéritif style. 85 points.

[The wine] shows pear, lime peel and floral notes with a clean mineral finish.

Nigl's latest [the 2008] is intensely fresh and bright, with a curious grapefruit presence amid the grass aromas. Almost channeling Sauvignon Blanc in its way. Right now it's more about austerity, but should be increasingly rewarding over the next five years. Peach curd flavors, with big mineral presence, melon and lime pith.

Easily the most complex of the [tasted] quartet, showing what a bit of bottle age [2006 drunk in 2009] can do for the right Gruner. The deep floral aromas are filled with ripe melon, plum, clover blossoms, herb and orange zest. A rich and creamy mouthful of ripe fruit (peach and lime) shows remarkable persistence and is nicely balanced by good acidity throughout. This is a great value for a wine of this quality.

Lean and vibrant, the aromatic edge of the wine is savory with chervil, fennel and white pepper. Very angular on the palate, with a gentle core of minerals and elusive tropical notes -- peach, passion fruit -- in the finish.

Fred Loimer Grüner Veltliner
(Kamptal. Do not confuse this with their basic "Lois" bottling, or with their other more upscale renditions—check the images below.)

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Some quotations and facts about this wine:

Lois bottle & label. Lois bottle & label. The Loimer, easy to spot with its distinctive green label, had a complex nose with youthful hints of nutmeg, spice and black pepper and overtones of lanolin—definitely a food wine. Crisp acidity lifts a full, savory palate with ginger and scallion notes.

Hailing from a combination of different parcels on his biodynamic Kamptal estate, across a wide variety of soil types (loess, primary rock, gravel, sand, and clay), Fred Loimer creates an enticingly complex wine for the money. There is a wonderful enlivening bright clean-fruit freshness on the nose, coupled with support from super-ripe stone fruits, spice, a broad granular aromatic smear of minerality, and just a tiny seductive hint of the exotic. The palate is more dense than expected, rather weighty actually, with some surprising extract. The finish is really quite exquisite, and ties up this parcel of classic Kamptal perfectly.

This almost clear wine has a little yellow hue to it. It opens with a fresh light lime bouquet. On the palate, this wine has a round mouthfeel, is a touch acidic, and has very pleasant green apple flavors with a hint of minerality and sweetness. The finish was dry and it stayed with you for a while. . . If you have not tried Grüner Veltliner, I would suggest this is a nice introduction to the grape.

Pale, straw yellow. Nose is a bit tight at first then apple and powdered sugar aromas come through. Flavors of apple, pear, and lemon peel. Dry and medium-bodied with crisp acidity and a long finish. Quality: 3.5 stars (out of five); QPR: 2 bangs for your buck (out of 5).

Textured and rounded, this attractively packaged gruvee has sweet pear and apple flavours, plus a hint of fresh greenery that matches the label very well. It’s a lovely wine from one of Austria’s best winemakers, Fred Loimer.

Fred Loimer's popular and reliable effort is juicy and citrus-fruited in '09, with subtle flinty aromas. Straightforward in its fruit, with a bit of bite to the finish.

Bright white gold in color. "Riesling with a lime twist and dash of pepper" - Golden Delish apple, white pear, Honeydew; along with hints of citrus and white pepper. Medium bodied with straightforward fruit flavor. Well-balanced, not over-bearing, and a stony/mineral finish. ***½ (3.5 stars). A fine spring/summer food wine that even holds its own against Arrabiatta sauce!

Nice golden straw color. Honeydew melon and freshly ground pepper on the nose. The palate consisted of white pepper on the front end and was followed by expansive flavors of peaches and melons and finished cleanly with some lemon-lime flavors. This seemed to be a tad sweeter than other Grüners I’ve had in the past but the acidity brought everything into balance.

Brundlmayer Grüner Veltliner "Terrassen"
(Kamptal. Brundlmayer bottles a bajillion GVs: this is the "Terrassen" bottling.)

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Some quotations and facts about this wine:

A great bottle of white from Austria. Crisp and cool, with classic Grüner notes of green apple, lime and white pepper, the 2011 "Kamptaler Terrassen" from Bründlmayer reboots the palate in much the way that Champagne sets you up for the meal to come.

Terrassen means a blend of wine from different vineyards. This crisp example is lively with acidity and green fruit flavors. It is very pure, bright and ready to drink. 88 points.

♣ Wine Advocate (October 2011), 87 points.

♣ Wine Spectator (February 2013), 90 points.

While the lightest Gruner Veltliner bottlings of this vintage at Brundlmayer were spare and overlain with green apple flavors, the 12% alcohol 2010 Gruner Veltliner Kamptaler Terrassen revealed a classic varietal nose of fresh green bean and lime, mingled with gooseberry more reminiscent of Sauvignon, all informing a juicy, brisk, firm palate and finishing with ample refreshment and invigoration as well as a bitter note of fruit pip.

Interesting aromas and flavors of glazed citrus and kiwifruit are matched with bracing acidity and a lush creaminess. This is pure, featuring a finish of ruby grapefruit and apple tart.

Really racy and tangy. Exciting nose already! [2012 in 2013] Should settle down very nicely but very racy already.

The nose features limes circled by flowers, very perfumed. In the mouth it is the concentrated essence of limes tempered by a touch of RS – delicious.

Crisp and rich, offering juicy flavors of ripe ruby grapefruit, peach and baked apple, with hints of apricot. Salt and pepper notes mark the finish.

This is happy wine, clean, light and bright in weight, soft and giving in lemon-cream fruit. A by-the-case buy for summer drinking.

Sweet pure fruit, starring grapefruit flavors, is rounded with a more creamy character, and additional flavors of pear and fresh sliced melon, finished with pepper.

Hirsch "Nummer 1" Grüner Veltliner
(Kamptal. Also often rendered as "#1".)

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Some quotations and facts about this wine:

Johannes Hirsch's basic grüner is lean and nervy in 2012, with an almost riesling-like angularity, and oiliness to its minerality; The veltliner comes out in flavor: pink peppercorn and wild, earthy fruit, somewhere between blood orange and fresh mushroom. 91 points.

The Grade: Amazing. The Mojo: The second straight Austrian white I have tasted this week is the Hirsch Gruner Veltliner "Veltliner #1" 2007, this entry level "GruVe" is playfully aromatic, with vibrant Meyer lemon, red tea, white flower, and spice notes, leading you into flavors of ginger, lemongrass, flint, fresh herbs and fresh cut flowers. It's ripe and lush on the palate, with an incredibly long finish that is so surprisingly light throughout - you will be won over by this grape and this particular producer's presentation of it. This wine is well-balanced, possessing good integration of fruit and acid, with just a touch of residual sugar to give you added intricacy.

♣ Wine Advocate (date unknown), 87 points.

Hirsch's 2007 Gruner Veltliner #1 incorporates some juice from a nearby corner of the Weinviertel, because of a kindred biodynamic soul from whom Hirsch has begun sourcing. More volume of this wine would be good news, as long as it maintains the quality of the previous five editions, and of this one. Classic lentil, lemon and lime are accompanied by a suggestion of tart red currant, making for a sappy and refreshing white (as I have written before) perfect for every day and for the refrigerator.

This wine's clear golden color is transparent and very pale, typical of GV, and its white-fruit and green-pea aromas are similarly characteristic of the grape. Crisp and citric, dry and tart, it's a bit on the simple side, but mouth-watering and food-friendly, with an attractive touch of "rainwater" minerality developing as the wine warms in the glass.

One excellent and affordable example is Hirsch “Veltliner #1″, which exemplifies the typically clean, character of Gruner Veltliner, adding an attractive tartness, almost-sweet fruit, and a touch of mineral. A nice extra is that this wine comes with a screw-top, so you can stick it back in the fridge and enjoy it over several days. In fact, I’ve been drinking this particular bottle for over a week, and it has not lost any freshness.

Tarter than other gruners, like an albarino, this wine smacks of herbs, lemon-lime and wet rocks after a rain. Finishes clean. 4.5 stars out of 5. Sweetness=1 out of 10 (dry to sweet).

Even inexpensive wines like the Veltliner #1 from Hirsch are quite pleasant—juicy and refreshing. The #1 has sold very well here in the States, Hirsch confided, especially after they put a cartoon of a stag on the label. (Hirsch is the German word for deer.) “When we changed the label, we sold five times as much wine,” he said. No surprise, perhaps, to the label designers, or to the drinkers of Australia’s Yellow Tail, the most famous cartoon-label wine of all.

Juicy and bright, Johannes Hirsch’s 2008 Grüner Veltliner #1 shows plenty of pepper and herb and is clean and refreshing. This is another terrific value from the Kamptal region.

The Hirsch Veltliner seemed to be a pretty good example of a Gruner Veltliner. It was light and tart with flavors of lime and green apple. Very zippy and easy to drink. I’m not going to lie and say that the wine went perfectly with asparagus and duck eggs, but it was okay. The acidity and slightly tingly texture of the wine was able to cut through the richness of the yolks nicely, but the wine’s flavor was dulled a bit by the asparagus and eggs. It went very well with the herbed new potatoes and crab crostini that I served alongside the asparagus, however, so it ended up being a good winesday after all. Plus, since this wine is so drinkable, I can screw the cap back on and enjoy the rest of it anytime I want this weekend!

Nicely balanced, with a touch of lively acidity at midpalate. A clean, fresh nose with aromas of orchard fruit and talc. A very linear wine with a great midpalate sensation.

So from there we took a swirl, a sniff and a sip and we came to just that conclusion: it's an every day Gruner. Bright nose of white pepper, apple and green peas, balanced acidity and a decent finish on the palate with the same characteristic Grüner qualities. To us, it was a good value wine, definitely what we paid (or would have paid for) and good company to light food or just good conversation.

For a Splurge

Owing to the pricing of Grüner Veltliners, the choices are many. But between this and that and these and those, the one that seems a sound choice is the Schloss Gobelsburg "Tradition" Reserve Grüner Veltliner, Kamptal.

• That wine at 1000 Corks
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• Its Wine Searcher "Tasting Notes" page.
• Its CellarTracker pages.





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